Etuna, a Mayan city that ruled the western part of the Yucatan Peninsula

XNUMX years living in Mexico,

“Showing the true face of Mexico to the world!'

with the motto

I'm Kou Iwasaki, a licensed tour guide and driver in Mexico.


Last weekend was the first “outing” in four months,

I spread my wings slowly.

After all, traveling is good.

After four months of withdrawal,

I felt that way more and more.



It is written as Edzná.

From here we enter the late Maya period.

Even if we say late Maya,

It's not that they didn't exist in the early Maya period.


What do you mean by

For example,

The ruins of Palenque, which was mentioned before last time, is the remains of a city from XNUMX to XNUMX years ago.

Even if I say

In XNUMX, there was a ceremony to commemorate the establishment of the city of Palenque.

The mayor

"Today the city of Palenque was born."

It's not that you were doing it. (smile)


That period is

In what would have been the most prosperous years,

Before and after that, there were human settlements.

people began to live in the land,

Little by little we started building the city,

It gained power and finally became a famous city that left its name in history.

This Etna is located in the province of Campeche.

Speaking of Campeche

Calakmul of the early Maya period is also in the same state,

The straight line distance is about XNUMX km from north to south.

It is located north of Calakmul.


From Mexico City

About XNUMX kilometers in a straight line,

It is XNUMX km by car. (bitter smile)

straight line distance,

It is the distance from Tokyo to the tip of the Karafuto Peninsula in Russia beyond Wakkanai.

West is the distance from Tokyo to Seoul, South Korea.

☝☝☝This is here.
From Google Maps


The etymology of the name Etuna is

this is

of the Chontal tribe,

Itz á es

It comes from


What is Itzaes?

It's the name of the Itz á family.

Other tribes around

Those who started living in this area


You were calling me.

そ し て,

This city where the Itza family lived

 “House of Itzaes”


Edzn á or sending us a message on Ytzn á

I named it.

by the way,

If you have ever been to Mexico, I think you have come to a pin.


thatChichen Itza Of

It's Itza.

What is Chichen Itza

"The Edge of the Well of Itzaes"

is what it means.



The Chontal Itza family,

They were the first to live in Chichen Itza.

In other words,

Etuna and Chichen Itza

The construction was started by the Chontar tribe of the same "family line",

about it.



The age is completely different.

The Chontal began to live in EtunaAround XNUMX BC,

Prospered around XNUMX-XNUMX ADThen,

It is believed to have been abandoned around XNUMX.

In Japan,

It is a city that prospered during the Asuka, Nara and Heian periods.


Chichen Itza, on the other hand, was first inhabited in the XNUMXs AD.

It is said to have prospered between XNUMX and XNUMX.


From a while ago

Chontal, Chontal


What is this?

One of the branches of a large Mayan family tree,

It was in the explanation of the Tonina ruins last time,

Zeltal tribe and brothersWhat is it?

In other words,

parents are the same.

The so-called Mayan language is a cousin relationship.

It's confusing. (bitter smile)

I will explain when you come to Mexico.


The city of Etna covered an area of ​​XNUMX kmXNUMX.

Since Teotihuacan is said to be XNUMX㎢,

It was even bigger.


Roughly divided into XNUMX locations in the center of the city,

There are buildings.

It should be noted that

In the same Maya cultural sphere,

Different architectural elements are used.


What do you mean by

Even in the same Maya region,

Broadly dividedXNUMX different architectural elementsbut there is

Etna isIncorporates elements from XNUMX or XNUMX different regionsHm.

So there was influence and contact with Mayan culture in other regions.

At that time, the stone walls were painted with a material similar to gypsum,

It is believed that it was painted in various colors with red as the base color.


The Itza family

Responsible for the management of politics, city management, public works, etc.

People like stargazers and doctors,

with commercial personnel and craftsmen,

Each skill will form a group.


Society was governed by strict religious rules.



“Securing water”You can see the features with emphasis on

collect rainwater,

save it and

Secure the irrigation canal.

This city has

There are currently XNUMX main irrigation canals,

There are also XNUMX smaller ones.

In addition,

XNUMX reservoirs and

It has a sloping design to distribute the water evenly where it is needed.


Along with Calakmul,

Although it is famous enough to be listed in a guidebook,

It is because the transportation is inconvenient. (bitter smile)


which ruled the western part of the Yucatan Peninsula,

It was an important city in Mayan culture.


A must-see for Maya fans. (smile)



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