What is Maya Culture?

XNUMX years living in Mexico,

“Showing the true face of Mexico to the world!'

with the motto

I'm Kou Iwasaki, a government-certified tour guide and driver for trips to Mexico.

I am writing from Mexico today.


Maya culture.


I learned a little bit about it in my world history class at school.


Even if you have heard "Maya",



I think there are many people who say. (smile)


what is mayan culture

It's going to be a little long, but

In addition, several times in the future

RoughlyI will try to write.


In the first place,

Where did the Maya culture come from?


the southeastern region where Mexico is today, and




Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu

of Central American countries.

Looking at SNS

After the beach

Chichen Itza ruins are a common sight.

Everyone in front of the "pyramid"

It seems that taking pictures has become a tradition.



How about the super famous tourist spot Chichen Itza?

Leaving aside the difficult issues,

Try zooming out (going all the way up).


If you have Google Maps,


Please look for the famous Chichen Itza,

Then zoom out until you can see all of Mexico.


Where in Mexico is Chichen Itza

I understand.


Where Chichen Itza is

There is a peninsula to the north,

over thereYucatan PeninsulaIs called.

From there, all the way to the Pacific coast, there is an area that spreads due south.

Mayan culture.

Actually, it continues to Honduras,

Mostly "around"

about it.


As you can see,

Its scope is vast.

As for how big it is,


! ? ? ?··· (smile)

The land area of ​​Japan is XNUMX kmXNUMX,

In other words,

The Mayan area is almost the same area as JapanThat's it. (Oh~!)

It is about XNUMX% of the land area of ​​Mexico.



Chichen Itza and


but also Mays's Calakmul

"Huge ruins" such as Mayapan

In the long history of Mayan culture,

Regional"capital"It was.

Each region is a prefecture,

Those cities are like prefectural offices,

It might be easier to say.


The famous Teotihuacan culture and

Mexica (Aztec) culture

The cultural capital has existed in a single place for hundreds of years.


Teotihuacan, for example,

Construction of the city began around XNUMX B.C.E.

In the same place until around XNUMX,

It functioned as a city of great influence.

Roughly XNUMX years in between.

In Japan, it has continued from the Heian period of Yoshitomo and Kiyomori to the present day. (Surprise!)


Mexica is the center of present-day Mexico City.

build a "capital" at Tenochtitlan,

In less than XNUMX years since then

He expanded his influence by subjugating local tribes.

Not that there were separate Mexica capitals in other regions.


Maya, on the other hand, says,

A city with great influence

in the same culture

some existed at the same timeIt is

An example is

is Tikal,

is Calakmul,


And Tonina and so on.



The era when the above cities existed

Early MayaIs called.

those cities are

I just saw it on google maps

It is located in the southern half of the Mayan sphere, which stretches north-south.

☝☝☝Black spots are late Maya, white and black spots are early Maya

If there is an early period, there is also a late period.

the upper half.


chichen itza,


maya bread,





A feature of the Mayan culture is

A cluster of relatively short-lived "capitals",

It formed the famous Maya culture for nearly XNUMX years.



The famous Chichen Itza

It prospered until about ADXNUMX-XNUMX,

It is one of the most "new" cities in Maya culture.

Before that

It already has a long and complicated history of the Maya that is mind-boggling.


The big discovery of the century that made the news the other day.

The history of the Maya so far will be extended by hundreds of years,

Traces of the city have been found in Tabasco.

It is believed to have been built between XNUMX and XNUMX BC.

In that case, the Maya culture is about XNUMX years old in total.

The relatively short-lived cities mentioned aboveexisted while taking overabout it.


How about.

today the geographical part and

I wrote down the characteristics of cities in the Mayan cultural sphere.


I'll be around here today~ (laughs)


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