Mayapan, the last major city of the Maya.

XNUMX years living in Mexico,

“Showing the true face of Mexico to the world!'

with the motto

I'm Kou Iwasaki, a licensed tour guide and driver in Mexico.


Maya bread.


There are only a few days left of the Mayan swept tour that has been going on for two months.


It's been a long time...

"I want to know about other cultures soon."

I think there are people who say,

It's been a while, so please keep in touch. (smile)


Why is this important?

"Because it's the last big city of Mayan culture."

That's one reason.

According to the chronology, it prospered from around XNUMX to XNUMX.


On the other hand,

It is said that human settlement began in this place or area

It is said to be around the time of its origin.


It is quite difficult to define the "beginning" of Maya culture,

Is the "birth" of the Maya the beginning of Maya culture?

Or is it the time when people began to settle in the Mayan area?

Or when the "city" began to be built around religious buildings,

Depending on which point is the "beginning", the age will change.


From a "culture" perspective,

Not just a "group of people",

Settlement based on agriculture,

high social structure with class and religion,

And it can be the time when "cities" such as religious buildings and stone monuments began to form.


From this point of view, the origin of the Maya culture is considered to be around the XNUMXth to XNUMXth century BC.

These days,

Guatemalan Tikal,

Construction of the city of Calakmul in Campeche was about to begin.


If we consider this period to be the beginning of Maya culture,

For over XNUMX years,

In the past two months, I have introduced

It means that the huge Maya cultural sphere was maintained while the huge cities in various places rose and fell.


Maya bread is

It prospered in the form of taking over the capital of the northern part of the Yucatan Peninsula from Chichen Itza.

About XNUMX kilometers west of Chichen Itza,

It is about XNUMX kilometers northeast of Uxmal.


Maya bread is derived from the Mayan language.

Mayab = the name of the Yucatan region

Pan = flag, nobori

"Maya Flag"

is what it means.


The city of Mayapan is within XNUMX square kilometers,

It is said that there were more than XNUMX buildings,

surrounded by walls,

Approximately XNUMX people are said to have lived


This city is characterized by

It is said that there is a structure similar to Chichen Itza.

However, it is smaller than Chichen Itza.


This building is a prime example.

It is called Castillo de Kukulkan.

☟☟☟This is it.

I wrote at the beginning,

Returning to the story of "early settlements in Mayapan around the origin",

So far,

Fifty-seven of the XNUMX structures were surveyed.

One of the things I found out was

Buildings of the early period (around the origin) arenot leftthat means

そ し て,

The building materials at that time were

used for subsequent constructionabout it.


There are many mysteries about the origin of this city.

As locals have told the Spaniards,

In the late XNUMXth century, this city of Mayapan

KukulkanAlthough the king built it and took the throne,

He then left for central Mexico.

This story is beyond mythology.

The word Mayapan isCocomThe government is created by the Maya lineage.

Chichen Itza was Itzaes (the most common theory),

Maya bread is cocoon.

The Kokong tribe was a rich and venerable family.


Uxmal, Chichen Itza, MayapanIt is,

It is one of the largest cities in the northern part of the Yucatan Peninsula.

When looking at the relationship between Mayapan and other cities,

According to a history book based on local lore,

It is said that there was an alliance period between the three cities.

In other words, they coexisted and co-prospered.


On the other hand,

As a result of scientific research on excavated items,

Mayapan clearly has more to offer than Chichen Itza and Uxmal

"New City"

It was.


From this point

The theory of such a three-city alliance is said to be unconfirmed,

Considering the similarity between the architecture of Mayapan and that of Chichen Itza,

about its political formAlmost followed the model of Chichen ItzaIt is considered.


At Chichen Itza

After XNUMX,

The city has fallen into disrepair,

The "sacred cenote" and other major religious structures remained in use.


On the other hand, this maya bread

After XNUMX,

destroyed, burned and abandonedIt is considered.

It was about XNUMX years before the Spaniards invaded Mesoamerica.

Japan was in the Muromachi period just before the Onin War.

Europe was about to enter the Age of Discovery.



[Kiote Communication]See also back issues