Mesoamerican "ball ceremony".

XNUMX years living in Mexico,

“Showing the true face of Mexico to the world!'

with the motto

I'm Kou Iwasaki, a government-certified guide and driver for trips to Mexico.

I am writing from Mexico today.


Prototype of soccer! ?not.


In Mesoamerica,

Different cultures and ages

There is a certain building that is common to almost the whole country.


One of them is

often in guidebooks

“ball court”And

“ball game”

And so on are introduced.


in spanish

“Fuego de Perota” (ball game)

is commonly called.

☝☝☝This is it


In fact, these names

all wrongis. (smile)


what's wrong

The word is “play” or “game”.


This is not entertainment or play.


It was.


[Ball Ritual]



Now with Fuego de Perota

Commonly recognized in Spanish,

In Mesoamerican Nahuatl


in the Mayan language


In the Zapotec language of Oaxaca,


It was called.


この[Ball Ritual]Also,

Actually, I introduced a little the other dayOrigin of Olmec cultureIt is said that.


"ball"Is used.

HuleThere is a rubber tree called

Estimated more than XNUMX years ago"oldest ball”But,

It is believed that the Olmec culture arose around XNUMX BC.

Manatee mountain near San Lorenzobecause it is found in


Varies depending on the material

XNUMX-XNUMX [ceremonial halls]But,

identified in Mesoamerican regions,


this is,

It is one of the characteristics of Mesoamerica.


On the other hand,

There are many things I don't understand.

For example that rule.


On both sides of the central part of the elongated "space",

A round object with a hole in the center may be attached.

Its shape varies from region to region.

If you pass the "ball" through the hole in the center, you score,

There are guides and materials explaining that

as a matter of fact,

"do not know"


☝☝☝“Hole” attached to both sides of the central part of the ritual hall



Because it is a "ceremony"

It involves human sacrifice.

that is,

Was it done by the one who "won"?

Were you the one who “lost”?

There are various theories about this,

As a matter of fact

"do not know"



[Ceremonial hall] The size is also various,

Small ones are several meters,

Large ones such as Tula and Chichen Itza

Some are over XNUMX meters.


Each region also has its own characteristics.

It is believed that Michoacán used wooden balls instead of wooden sticks and rubber bands.

It's kind of like hockey.

At the Daninzú ruins in Oaxaca,

There is a sculpture of a human figure wearing a mask and thick gloves.



Kemari, which is said to have been introduced from China (Tang),

Over XNUMX years,

(Actually, less than XNUMX years have passed. This is an example.)

Not only China

It is handed down to the surrounding Asian countries while changing its shape,

One of them was transmitted to Japan in the Nara period,

Eventually the feet will change to hands, etc.

It became a temari,

I wonder if it's a feeling like that.


in this way,

Not all of Mesoamerica did it the same way,

The origin of the original is stillConnected to the Olmec of [Mother Culture]Isn't it ~.