Where do tomatoes come from?

XNUMX years living in Mexico,

“Showing the true face of Mexico to the world!'

with the motto

I'm Kou Iwasaki, a professional Mexican travel guide and driver.

I am writing from Mexico today.


☝☝☝Tomatoes from Tiangis (open-air market).XNUMX pesos per kilo = about XNUMX yen
Mexican tomatoes are long and thin.

you all knowtomato.

Japan also,

It is an undeniable fact that it is one of the important crops.


my mother too

Starting with a home garden,

When I noticed, I was growing in XNUMX farmlands.


rather than for household

I was doing it as an extension of my hobby.


But when I saw it,

"This isn't a hobby, it's completely a business, heh~ amazing~"

I remember what I thought.

where did you get the knowledge from

I couldn't hear you after all,

We also built a splendid greenhouse equipped with fully automatic air conditioning equipment,

For more than XNUMX years, I've been doing it without taking a day off.


With such a personal background,

Tomatoes are one of my favorite crops.


so the tomato

Where were you born?


Yes, of course it's Mexico. (smile)


Just a quick note here.


There are two main types of tomatoes.

red and green.


Green is not unripe,

It is green when ripe. (smile)

Are you in Japan too?

i don't remember...


Searching for green tomatoes,

Canned food came out ... (bitter smile)


Tomato is written as Tomato in English.

In Spanish it is written as Tomate.

Tomate is a green tomato,

The red tomato is Jitomato.It's called.


In fact, this etymology is one of the XNUMX languages ​​still spoken in Mexico today.

It's Nahuatl.

I wrote a little bit about avocados a while ago.

The etymology of awacate (avocado),

Ahuacatl, meaning testicle, was also Nahuatl.


tomato in Nahuatl

TomatlIs called.

Red tomatoes are Xitomatl.


Tomatoes are eaten on a daily basis in many countries around the world, including Japan.

It originated in Mesoamerica (now Mexico).

thesederived from NahuatlI'm doing


Tomate (green tomato)

There are more than XNUMX types in the world,

XNUMX of them live in Mexico.

Hitmate (red tomato)

XNUMX species grown in MexicoIt is done.


The Spaniards invaded Mesoamerica in XNUMX,

After that, he brought the tomatoes and hitomate back to Spain,

Cultivation begins in Europe for the first time.

Late XNUMXth century.


Before the Edo period, Japan

It was around the time Hideyoshi became an old man. (bitter smile)


red tomatoes in Europe

In other words, hitomate was more accepted.


Hitomate (red tomato) was then introduced to various parts of Europe,

The climatic conditions of Italy are the most suitable,

Hitomate (red tomato) cultivation becomes popular.

"Golden apple" in Italy

It was called the "love apple". (bitter smile)


After that, drying technology developed in Italy,

In XNUMX, the world's first canned tomatoes appeared.

after that,

When Italian immigrants went to the United States, they brought hitmate (red tomatoes),

Today, the United States is the world's largest producer of hitomate (red tomatoes).

Ketchup was invented in XNUMX.


On the other hand,

There is archaeological evidence that

Tomate (green tomato) has the oldest history of “cultivation”.

XNUMX BC in the Basin of Mexico,

Also found in Tehuacán, Puebla, around XNUMX BC.

☝☝☝Tomate (green tomato) has a shell called chalice, is sour, and is usually not eaten raw.
XNUMX pesos per kilo = about XNUMX yen


Hitomate (red tomato)to say,

Actually this

Originated in South AmericaIt is said that

Although the original origin is not Mesoamerican (Mexico),

After the arrival of the Spaniards,

It was first cultivated in the world in Mexico,

Veracruz or PueblaIt is said that.

I have no archaeological evidence

There is a description in the history books written by the Spaniards.



About the origin of hitomate (red tomato),

Due to the lack of archaeological evidence,

"not clear"

What is it?


During the Mesoamerican period,

Although both red and green existed,

Only tomate (green tomato) was eatenEnglish learning is necessary to prepare for life, learning and interaction with the global environment. <br> IT Skills (programming logic) is necessary to prepare for the needs of the future.<br> Financial literacy is necessary to prepare for creating, managing and being smart with time and wealth.<br>

At least for the cultivation of red tomatoes,

No archaeological evidence.





Green tomatoes last longerHm.

The second isgreen tomatoes are more sourbut

This sour taste

Matches the spiciness of chile (red pepper)I do.

Also, salsa clay will be suitable.



Along with Chinampa, there is a farming method that has been practically used from the Mesoamerican era to modern Mexico.

Tomate (green tomatoes) grows naturally in Milpa without being cultivated.

thisMiltomateIt's called.


Tomate (green tomato) is characterized by its appearance and sour taste,

with a shellHm.

thisCalizThat's what I mean,

I use it in a Mexican dish called Tamal.

By using this, you will have a unique elasticity.

It was also used as a digestive aid.


Currently in Mexico

In the case of fresh

tomatoes are green

Hitomate refers to red tomatoes.

On the other hand, when used as processed products such as sauces,

With an increase in imports,

Tomate or Tomato in English,

It is unified and means red tomato.


Green tomatoes are not eaten very often outside of Mexico.

Tomate OR Tomato

= red tomato

What is it?


Currently, XNUMX million tons of hitomate (red tomato) are produced annually in the world.

One-third of them are from the United States and China,

XNUMX million tons from Mexico.

Mainly responsible for XNUMX% of domestic production in the state of Sinaloa in the northwestern part of Mexico,

Baja California Peninsula, others


Chiapas in the south.


Hitomate (red tomato), including salsa,

I also use it for rice.

Rice may come out with an orange tint,

This is cooked with hitomate (red tomato),


For that reason,

Tomatoes, a crop that is surprisingly connected to Mexico.


From now on, every time you eat a tomato, remember Mexico. (smile)