Uxmal, a Mayan city with advanced water storage technology.
XNUMX years living in Mexico,
“Showing the true face of Mexico to the world!'
with the motto
I'm Kou Iwasaki, a licensed tour guide and driver in Mexico.
(Photo by Iwasaki)
For Maya fans, ruins fans, and those who have been to Mexico,
Needless to say,
Uxmal is a Mayan cultural city and a World Heritage Site.
It is called "Uxmal" in Japanese.
As close to the correct pronunciation as
I write Uxmal,
I'm still not clear on what that means.
The most commonly known are
This ☝ religious building "Pyramid", which is the most famous in fact,
Built in XNUMX or XNUMX partsHm.
Another theory is
meaning related to
In fact, it is believed that many crops were harvested in this area.
now in MayaＵｘmeans crop or harvest.
The Mayan cultural ruins series, which has been serialized for about two months,
We're nearing the end.
Geographically, I came to the northernmost part of the Yucatan Peninsula.
☝☝☝This is here. (Google Map)
from Mexico City,
about XNUMX km in a straight line,
It's about XNUMX kilometers away by car! (bitter smile)
I feel like I'm going south,
In realityLatitude higher than Mexico CityWhat is it?
It's so hot. (Sweat)
XNUMX km due north from the first Calakmul,
It is XNUMX kilometers northeast of Tonina, the last great city of the early Maya.
Just looking at this distance
You can see how the Maya culture flourished over a vast area.
So this Uxmal (Uxmal),
Settlement of people begancirca XNUMX BCIt is considered.
It was around the same time as the previous Kaba and Etuna settlements.
Even in the same Maya region,
Unlike the Messika (Aztec),
in each region
Same Mayan familyBut the language families that are siblings and cousins
The fact that each Maya had its own capital city and "city"
It's what I've explained so far.
Early and late Mayan cities,
One of the crucial differences is
Basically, cities are built near water sources such as rivers.
Starting with Tikal,
There is a river nearby.
On the other hand,
In later cities,
Uxmal (Uxmal) and
Buildings for the purpose of securing rainwaterComes out.
At Etuna, it was sloped to secure rainwater.
And so on
Turtunes (underground reservoir)
This area is
Surface water sources such as rivers are scarce,
Or as for Uxmal,
The city of Uxmal
Most influential in the region (Puuc),
politically and economically literallycentral rolewas playing
XNUMX to XNUMX in its heydayThe size of the city is about XNUMX㎢,
It is believed to have had a population of XNUMX.
To support the gigantic city,
Scarcity of water sources is a matter of life and death.
This area is
You have to dig more than XNUMXm until you hit the groundwater.
At that time, the means of obtaining water here was"rain"That's how it was.
Uxmal (Uxmal) is the regional capital.
To secure vast amounts of water to support the population and religious ceremonies,
XNUMX water storage systemswas using
oneChultunesis not it.
☝☝☝This is it. (Photo by Iwasaki)
the other one isBukteoob.
This was the "last bastion".
What does that mean?
When the reservoir has run out of water,
It was established at the back (end) of the reservoir,
A smaller reservoir system than Turtunes.
Rather than a pond,
It's kind of like a dam.
It is believed that there were several
the most knownChen Chan AkarThat's it.
☝☝☝This is it. (La Jornada)
Ch'en chan AkalWrite.
Ch'en means "reservoir",
Chan is a snake.
Snakes that I really, really hate (bitter smile)
It was a revered creature throughout Mesoamerica.
"life" on earth,
This is because it was thought to connect the gods of heaven.
That's why "snakes" are drawn and carved everywhere.
The Mayan god of rain is called Chaac.
In the Mexica (Aztec) it is Tlaloc.
Chan can be thought of as something of a messenger for Chaak.
It is believed that it was deeply related to the hippopotamus that I introduced last time.
It was connected to Kabaa by the Mayan road "Sakube", which is about XNUMXkm long.
In addition, of course the cover,
Sajil from last time,
The architectural features of the neighboring Puuc area are:
このStarting with Uxmal (Uxmal),
It is said to have had an impact on those neighboring cities.
☝☝☝Buildings in the Puuc area.The top is decorated with
The middle part is a flat wall. (Photo by Iwasaki)
For that reason,
A little maniac
It's been a long time, but (bitter smile)
Thank you for reading this far. (smile)
If you go to Uxmal (Uxmal),
We recommend that you visit the neighboring cities as well!
Next is Chichen Itza!
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